Day in History 18 February – Michelangelo – John B. Stetson – Dale Earnhardt

Michelango_Portrait_by_VolterraOn this day in 1564, Italian sculptor, painter, architect, poet, and engineer of the High Renaissance, Il Divino (“the divine one”), Michelangelo died in Rome at the age of 88.  Born Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni on 6 March 1475 in Caprese near Arezzo, Tuscany.  In my opinion, Michelangelo exerted an unparalleled influence on the development of Western art.  Despite making few forays beyond the arts, his versatility in the disciplines he took up was of such a high order that he is often considered a contender for the title of the archetypal Renaissance man, along with his fellow Italian Leonardo da Vinci.  Michelangelo was generally considered the greatest living artist in his lifetime, and ever since then, in my opinion, he has been held to be one of the greatest artists of all time.  A number of his works in painting, sculpture, and architecture rank among the most famous in existence.  His output in every field during his long life was prodigious; when the sheer volume of correspondence, sketches, and reminiscences that survive is also taken into account, he might be the best-documented artist of the 16th century.  Two of his best-known works, the Pietà and David, were sculpted before he turned thirty.  Despite his low opinion of painting, Michelangelo also created two of the most influential works in fresco in the history of Western art: the scenes from Genesis on the ceiling and The Last Judgment on the altar wall of the Sistine Chapel in Rome.  As an architect, Michelangelo pioneered the Mannerist style at the Laurentian Library.  At the age of 74 he succeeded Antonio da Sangallo the Younger as the architect of St. Peter’s Basilica.  Michelangelo transformed the plan, the western end being finished to Michelangelo’s design, the dome being completed after his death with some modification.  One of the qualities most admired by his contemporaries was his terribilità, a sense of awe-inspiring grandeur, and it was the attempts of subsequent artists to imitate Michelangelo’s impassioned and highly personal style that resulted in Mannerism, the next major movement in Western art after the High Renaissance.  Michelangelo never married.  Michelangelo_Tomb_Santa_CroceThe Final Footprint –  His body was taken from Rome for interment at the Basilica di Santa Croce, fulfilling the maestro’s last request to be buried in his beloved Florence.  The Basilica di Santa Croce (Basilica of the Holy Cross) is the principal Franciscan church in Florence, and a minor basilica of the Roman Catholic Church.  It is situated on the Piazza di Santa Croce.  Other notable final footprints at Santa Croce include; Vittorio Alfieri, Ugo Foscolo,  Machiavelli, Galileo Galilei, and Gioacchino Rossini.

Gallery

  • The Madonna of the Steps (1490–92)

  • The Taddei Tondo (1502)

  • Madonna and Child. Brügge, Belgium (1504)

  • The Doni Tondo (1504–06)

    • Angel by Michelangelo, early work (1494–95)

    • Bacchus by Michelangelo, early work (1496–97)

    • Dying slave Louvre (1513)

    • Bound slave, known a Atlas (1530–34)

      The Sistine Chapel Ceiling (1508–12)

       

      • The Drunkenness of Noah

      • The Deluge (detail)

      • The Creation of Adam (1510)

      • The First day of Creation

        • Ignudo (1511)

        • Studies for The Libyan Sibyl

        • The Libyan Sibyl (1511)

        • The Prophet Jeremiah (1511)

          • The Battle of the Centaurs (1492)

          • Copy of the lost Battle of Cascina by Bastiano da Sangallo

          • The Last Judgement, detail of the Redeemed. (see whole image above)

          • Crucifixion of St Peter

            • Statue of Victory (1534), Palazzo Vecchio, Florence

            • The Pieta of Vittoria Colonna (c. 1540)

            • Michelangelo and Tiberio Calcagni, Pieta Firenze (c. 1550-61)

            • The Rondanini Pieta (1552–64)

               

John_Batterson_Stetson_Cabinet_CardOn this day in 1906, U.S. hatter, hat manufacturer, the inventor of the cowboy hat, John B. Stetson died in DeLand, Florida at the age of 75.  Born John Batterson Stetson on 5 May 1830 in Orange, New Jersey.  He founded the John B. Stetson Company.  The company’s hats are now commonly referred to simply as Stetsons.  His father, Stephen Stetson, was a hatter.  As a youth, he worked with his father until he was diagnosed with tuberculosis and his doctor predicted he had only a short time to live.  Given this dire prognosis, he left the hat-making business to explore the American West, afraid this would be his only chance to see it.  There he met drovers, bullwhackers and cowboys.  The former hat-maker turned a critical eye to the flea-infested coonskin caps favored by many of the gold seekers, and wondered whether fur-felt would work for a lightweight, all-weather hat suitable for the West.  In 1865 Stetson moved to Philadelphia to enter the hat-making craft he had learned from his father and began manufacturing hats there suited to the needs of the Westerners.  Stetson made a western hat for each hat dealer in the Boss of the Plains style he hadjohnbstetson1800s_Boss_of_the_plains_5 invented, during a trek to Pike’s Peak in Colorado.  These lightweight hats were natural in color with four inch crowns and brims; a plain strap was used for the band.  Thanks to the time he had spent with cowboys and Western settlers, Stetson knew firsthand that the headwear they wore (such as coonskin caps, sea captain hats, straw hats, and wool derbies) was impractical.  Made from waterproof felt, the new hat was durable.  The wide brim provided protection from the hot sun.  Noted one observer, “It kept the sun out of your eyes and off your neck. It was an umbrella. It gave you a bucket (the crown) to water your horse and a cup (the brim) to water yourself. It made a hell of a fan, which you need sometimes for a fire but more often to shunt cows this direction or that.   The hat achieved instant popularity; the first real cowboy hat.  Stetson went on to build the Carlsbad, easily identified by its main crease down the front.  His hat was called a Stetson, because he had his name John B. Stetson Company embossed in gold in every hatband.  The Stetson soon became the most well known hat in the West.  All the high-crowned, wide-brimmed, soft felt western hats that followed are intimately associated with the cowboy image created by Stetson.  The Stetson Cowboy hat was the symbol of the highest quality.  The company also made hats for law enforcement departments, such as the Texas Rangers.  Stetson’s Western-style hats were worn by employees of the National Park Service, U.S. Cavalry soldiers, and many U.S. Presidents.  The cowboy hat is truly an example of form following function.  Today’s cowboy hat has remained basically unchanged in construction and design.  I am the proud owner of a Stetson.  The Final Footprint – Stetson is buried in West Laurel Hill Cemetery, Bala Cynwyd, Pennsylvania.

 

DaleEarnhardtSunglassesDriversSuitOn this day in 2001, 7-time Winston Cup Champion, “The Intimidator”, Dale Earnhardt, died in a last lap crash during the 2001 Daytona 500 in Daytona Beach, Florida, at the age of 49.  Born Ralph Dale Earnhardt on 29 April 1951 in Kannapolis, North Carolina.  Earnhardt drove the #3 car for most of his career, spanning the early 1980s until his death in 2001.  Although he had other sponsors during his career, his #3 is associated in fans’ minds with his last sponsor, GM Goodwrench, and his last color scheme, a predominantly black car with bold red and silver trim.  The black and red #3 continues to be one of the most famous logos in North American motor racing.  Earnhardt was inducited in the inaugural class of the NASCAR Hall of Fame.  The hall of fame building is located in Charlotte, North Carolina.  The Final Footprint – Earnhardt is interred at his farm in Mooresville, North Carolina.   A memorial was created at Indianapolis Motor Speedway in Indianapolis, Indiana.  The memorial is a black silhouette of a race car with the inscription Earnhardt Pride – In Memory of Dale Sr.

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One Response to Day in History 18 February – Michelangelo – John B. Stetson – Dale Earnhardt

  1. Jenise Sticklen says:

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