Day in History 30 April – Édouard Manet – Sergio Leone

Édouard_Manet-cropOn this day in 1883, painter Édouard Manet died from complications of syphilis in Paris at the age of 51.  Born in Paris on 23 January 1832, in his families ancestral hôtel particulier on the rue Bonaparte.  Manet was one of the first 19th-century artists to paint modern life, and, in my opinion, a pivotal figure in the transition from Realism to Impressionism.  His early masterworks, The Luncheon on the Grass (Le déjeuner sur l’herbe) (see below right) and Olympia, (see below left) both 1863, caused great controversy and served as rallying points for the young painters who would create Impressionism.  Today, these are considered watershed paintings that mark the genesis of modern art.  After the death of his father in 1862, Manet married Suzanne Edouard_Manet_-_Luncheon_on_the_Grass_-_Google_Art_ProjectLeenhoff in 1863.  Leenhoff was a Dutch-born piano teacher of Manet’s age with whom he had been romantically involved for approximately ten years.  Leenhoff initially had been employed by Manet’s father, Auguste, to teach Manet and his younger brother piano.  She also may have been Auguste’s mistress.  In 1852, Leenhoff gave birth, out of wedlock, to a son, Leon Koella Leenhoff.  Eleven-year-old Leon Leenhoff, Edouard_Manet_-_Olympia_-_Google_Art_Project_3whose father may have been either of the Manets, posed often for Manet, most famously, as the subject of the Boy Carrying a Sword of 1861 (Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York).  He also appears as the boy carrying a tray in the background of The Balcony.  Manet painted his wife in The Reading, among other paintings.  edouardManet-graveThe Final Footprint – Manet is buried in Passy Cemetery in the 16th arrondissement of Paris.  Opened in 1820 in the expensive residential and commercial districts of the Right Bank near the Champs-Élysées, by 1874 the small Passy Cemetery had become the aristocratic necropolis of Paris.  Sheltered by a bower of chestnut trees, the cemetery is in the shadow of the Eiffel Tower.  The retaining wall of the cemetery is adorned with a bas relief (by Louis Janthial) commemorating the soldiers who fell in the Great War.  Other notable final footprints as Passy include; Claude Debussy, Gabriel Faure, and Berthe Morisot.


SergioLeone2On this day in 1989, director, producer and screenwriter, Sergio Leone died from a heart attack in Rome at the age of 60.  Born on 3 January 1929 in Rome.  Best known as the director of three legendary, iconic westerns, often referred to as Spaghetti Westerns: A Fistful of Dollars (Per un pugno di dollari) (1964) with Clint Eastwood; For a Few Dollars More (Per qualche dollaro in più) (1965) with Eastwood and Lee Van Cleef; and The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (Il buono, il brutto, il cattivo) (1966) with Eastwood, Van Cleef and Eli Wallach.  The film score for all three movies was composed by Ennio Morricone.  Leone also directed Once Upon a Time in the West (C’era una volta il West) (1968) with Henry Fonda, Charles Bronson, Jason Robards and Claudia Cardinale; and Once Upon a Time in America (C’era una volta il America) (1984) with Robert De Niro.  All five of these movies are among my very favorites and I will stop what I am doing to watch them.  The Final Footprint – Leone is interred in a private estate in Cimitero di Pratica di Mare in Pratica di Mare, Lazio, Italy.

Have you planned yours yet?

Follow TFF on twitter @RIPTFF

Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...
This entry was posted in Day in History, Extravagant Footprints, Hollywood Footprints and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *