Day in History 29 July – Vincent van Gogh

Self Portrait in Front of the Easel, January 1888

On this day in 1890, Dutch post-Impressionist painter Vincent van Gogh died from complications of a self-inflicted gunshot to the chest in Auvers-sur-Oise, France at the age of 37.  Born Vincent Willem van Gogh on 30 March 1853 in Zundert, Netherlands.  Perhaps my favorite artist.  In my opinion, his work has had a far-reaching influence on art as a result of its vivid colors and emotional impact.  Between his move to Paris and his discovery of the French Impressionists and his stay in Arles (accompanied for awhile by Paul Gauguin) he developed his highly recognizable style.  Van Gogh never married.  The Final Footprint – Van Gogh is interred in Auvers-sur-Oise Town Cemetery.  His brother Theo apparently reported that van Gogh’s last words were, “The sadness will last forever.”  Theo would die six months later.  The brothers rest side-by-side.

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A landscape in which the starry night sky takes up two thirds of the picture. In the left foreground a dark pointed Cypress pine tree extends from the bottom to the top of the picture. To the left, village houses and a church with a tall steeple are clustered at the foot of a mountain range. The sky is deep blue. In the upper right is a yellow crescent moon surrounded by a halo of light. There are many bright stars large and small, each surrounded by intense swirling halos. Across the center of the sky the Milky Way is represented as a double swirling vortex.
The Starry Night, June 1889, The Museum of Modern Art, New York
Under a bright cloudless blue/green sky is a large collection of connected buildings on the right side of the canvas. The buildings are all part of a mill, up a slight embankment from a stream in the foreground. On the left side of the painting near the steps leading up the embankment to the old mill are two small figures. Off in the left distance is a farmland and farmhouses, while the far distance shows low purple hills
The Old Mill, 1888, Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY.
The top of the painting is a dark blue night sky with many bright stars shining brightly surrounded by white halos. Along the distant horizon are houses and buildings with lights that are shining so brightly that they are casting yellow reflections on the dark blue river below. The bottom half shows the Rhone river with reflected lights showing throughout the river. In the foreground we can see a shallow wave.
Starry Night Over the Rhone, 1888, Musée d’Orsay, Paris.
A starless, moonless evening sky of middle blue with two large white clouds are above darker blue twisting hills in the distance. In the foreground is a grove of Olive trees, that extend horizontally across the whole painting, towards the bottom is a winding, twisting path that extends horizontally across the painting
Olive Trees with the Alpilles in the Background, 1889, Museum of Modern Art, New York.
An early night sky with an intense large yellow star surrounded by a white halo to the top left, an intense yellow and red-lined glowing crescent moon to the mid-right top. A large singular dark green Cypress tree painted with impasto and intense upright brushstrokes extends down the middle of the painting, from the top of the canvas to the burnt orange field below, where it grows beside a twisting stream. in the far distant horizon are low blue hills and to the far right is a farmhouse with smoke from the chimney and lights on within. Along the right side of the foreground are two figures walking along on the road and quite a way behind them is a horse drawn buggy also coming down the road.
Road with Cypress and Star, May 1890, Kröller-Müller Museum.
An open field of yellow wheat, under swirling and bright white clouds in an afternoon sky. A large cypress tree to the extreme right painted in shades of dark greens with swirling and impastoed brushstrokes. There are several smaller trees to the left and around the cypress tree are more small trees and several haystacks. There are blue-gray hills on the horizon in the background.
Wheat Field with Cypresses, 1889, National Gallery, London.
A pair of large trees to the left, one so tall it goes out of the top of the picture and mountains in the distance along the horizon. The afternoon sky is painted with bright blue and green swirls with white clouds and a visible daytime crescent moon also surrounded by swirls and halos. The dark green trees to the left are painted with thick impasto brush-strokes and swirls as well as the lighter yellow-green grasses in the foreground below.
Cypresses, 1889, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.
A pair of women stand facing left in front of four massive cypress trees.
Cypresses with Two Figures, 1889–90, Kröller-Müller Museum (F620).
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