On this day in 1857, French philosopher, founder of the discipline of sociology and of the doctrine of positivism, Auguste Comte died in Paris at the age of 59 from stomach cancer. Born Isidore Auguste Marie François Xavier Comte in Montpellier, Hérault, in southern France on 19 January 1798. He was a founder of the discipline of sociology and of the doctrine of positivism. He is sometimes regarded as the first philosopher of science in the modern sense of the term. Strongly influenced by the utopian socialist Henri Saint-Simon, Comte developed the positive philosophy in an attempt to remedy the social malaise of the French Revolution, calling for a new social doctrine based on the sciences. Comte was a major influence on 19th-century thought. Comte’s social theories culminated in the “Religion of Humanity”, which influenced the development of religious humanist and secular humanist organizations in the 19th century. Comte coined the word altruisme (altruism). The Final Footprint – Comte is interred in Père Lachaise Cemetery, surrounded by cenotaphs in memory of his mother, Rosalie Boyer, and of Clotilde de Vaux, his muse. Other notable Final Footprints at Père Lachaise include; Georges Bizet, Honoré de Balzac, Jean-Dominique Bauby, Maria Callas, Frédéric Chopin, Colette, Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, Eugène Delacroix, Molière, Jim Morrison, Édith Piaf, Camille Pissarro, Marcel Proust, Sully Prudhomme, Gioachino Rossini, Georges-Pierre Seurat, Gertrude Stein, Alice B. Toklas, Oscar Wilde, and Richard Wright.
On this day in 1877, Native American war leader of the Oglala Lakota, Tasunke Witko (literally “His-Horse-Is-Crazy” or “His-Horse-Is-Spirited”), Crazy Horse, was fatally wounded, after surrendering to U.S. troops under General George Crook, while allegedly resisting imprisonment at Camp Robinson in present-day Nebraska (in the Pine Ridge region of northwest Nebraska). Born Cha-O-Ha (“In the Wilderness” or “Among the Trees”, meaning he was one with nature) sometime between 1840 and 1845 possibly somewhere on the South Cheyenne River. He took up arms against the U.S. Federal government to fight against encroachments on the territories and way of life of the Lakota people, including leading a war party to victory over George Armstrong Custer and his men at the Battle of the Little Bighorn in June 1876. Crazy Horse ranks among the most notable and iconic of Native American tribal members and has been honored by the U.S. Postal Service with a 13¢ Great Americans series postage stamp.
The Final Footprint – His body was taken to Camp Sheridan and placed on a scaffold. The following month when the Spotted Tail Agency was moved to the Missouri River, his parents had his body moved to an undisclosed location. There are at least four possible locations as noted on a state highway memorial near Wounded Knee, South Dakota. His final resting place remains unknown. Crazy Horse has been memorialized by the Crazy Horse Memorial, carved into the side of a mountain in the Black Hills of South Dakota.
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